In 2009, Brazil managed to hold the fourth position in the rank of largest honey exporters. In the following years, due to the drought in some regions, honey production dropped, and in 2012 the country held the tenth position.
Despite the difficulties, the prognoses for the activity are extremely positive, as few countries in the world gather such favorable environmental and climatic conditions for honey production and other derivatives.
Brazil has approximately 250 bee species of the Meliponini tribe, popularly called stingless bees. Some of these species are created for honey production, which has been increasingly valued for gastronomic purposes.
Furthermore, they play a very important role in the pollination of plants, cultivated or not, allowing the production of seeds of several species, many of which essential to human nutrition. Without the collaboration of these bees, many plants stop producing fruits and seeds, and may even get to extinction.
Answers and questions to key questions about bees.
The relationship of bees and farming practices has always had a complementary character with benefits for everyone involved. While bees get the necessary nectar and pollen to feed, and produce honey and other derivatives (for species that form large colonies), agriculture benefits from pollination, that increases its productivity and ensures better quality fruit and hence, higher market value. View Details.
Pollination is the transfer of pollen (male gamete) of the male reproductive structure of a flower (anther) to the female reproductive structure (stigma) of the same flower or of other flowers of the same species. This way, the male gamete reaches the female gamete (egg) and fertilizes it. This process allows the formation of fruits and seeds that, in the future, will produce a new plant. Read More.
Any person can collaborate with the conservation of different bee species. The easiest and most direct way is to cultivate plants at home or in public areas available.
Regardless of the available area, it is important to prioritize plant species that are attractive to bees and other pollinators. To do so, prioritize native species in your region, which are completely adapted to the conditions and will demand less attention to their development. Furthermore, native bees will be more attracted to these plants than to exotic species originated in other regions. Read More.
Worshiped throughout history by various civilizations as a symbol of wealth, work or perseverance, for the way they defend their territory, bees appeared long before man, over 100 million years.
Member of the order of Hymenoptera and the superfamily Apoidea (Apiformes family group), bees are divided into about 20,000 species the best known of which is the Apis mellifera. Read More.